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Independence

Uganda Celebrates 57th Independence Anniversary. 

Uganda Celebrates 57th Independence Anniversary.

The East African Nation of Uganda is marking its 57th independence anniversary from British Colonial Rule.

In 1888, the British government chartered the Imperial British East Africa Company to negotiate trade agreements in Uganda and other East African countries. Two years later, in 1890, Britain and Germany signed a treaty giving Britain ‘rights’ to the region. Following the outbreak of sectarian conflicts and revolts against colonial rule, the British Government annexed Buganda and some surrounding territories to create the Uganda Protectorate in 1894.

By the middle of the 20th century, Britain had been weakened by its involvement in World war II, and with the wave of independence sweeping across Africa, many British territories in the region gained freedom and self-rule.

On October 9, 1962, Uganda gained independence from Great Britain as a parliamentary democratic monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state and Milton Obote as the Prime Minister. The traditional kingdoms of Ankole, Buganda, Bunyoro and Toro received federal status and a degree of autonomy. It eventually became a republic in 1963 with King Mutesa II becoming the first president.

Called the “Pearl of Africa”, Uganda is endowed with significant natural resources, fertile land, and regular rainfall, so much so, that “it could feed the whole of Africa if it were to farm commercially.” The country has a vibrant and diverse economy valued at $27 billion, as at 2018. The landlocked country has a huge tourism potential, including beautiful landscapes such as the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains, Lake Victoria, Murchison Falls National Park, the Remote Bwindi Impenetrable National Park for wildlife, among many others.

In celebrating the day, Uganda holds independence parades and national celebrations across the country.

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